Where is Web Development Heading with MACH and Headless CMS

MACH Architecture and Headless CMS

Modernizing UX includes how MACH and CMS trends in web development are shaping the digital future for the human race. Learn how these innovations are shaping the future of digital interactions.


It has been a long journey from the early days of static HTML websites to the dynamic and interactive web applications of today. The emergence of CSS and JavaScript has led developers to create complex and interactive websites along with the modern web development trends and technologies carried on to advance henceforth in the 1990s and early 2000s. Databases like MySQL and server-side programming languages like PHP during this period contributed to the creation of dynamic websites.

Introducing concepts like headless CMS and MACH architecture further revolutionizes web development. The headless CMS approach decouples content management from the presentation layer, enabling developers to use any technology stack for the front end while managing content via APIs. This separation enhances flexibility, allowing for the delivery of rich, omnichannel marketing experiences that can be tailored to different platforms without redesigning the backend.

Similarly, the MACH architecture represents a shift toward modular and agile systems that are more adaptable to changes in technology and business requirements. This architecture supports rapid iteration and innovation, enabling organizations to scale and integrate new technologies more efficiently. These modern approaches address the increasing demand for more personalized, scalable, and performance-oriented web applications, setting new standards for how web solutions are built and delivered in an increasingly digital world.

The Role of Headless CMS in Web Development

Headless CMS in web development allows a single back-end to manage the website or mobile application and to automate content distribution to all easily accessible sites and devices. This minimizes the resources spent on web development. It provides complete freedom to web developers as the server side and front end are not connected. With headless, the job of the frontend technologies in modern CMS is to display content, while the backend stores and manages the content.

The implementation of headless CMS represents a shift in the architecture of web development. By distinctly separating the content repository from the presentation layer, headless CMS enables developers to leverage any desired technology stack for the front end, thereby facilitating a broader adoption of advanced and diverse frameworks. This architecture ensures seamless content delivery across multiple platforms including web, mobile, and IoT devices. Moreover, the headless approach markedly enhances scalability and performance, as the content delivery processes are optimized independently of the front-end development.

Trends in Web Development with MACH Architecture and Headless CMS 

Emerging trends in web development consistently influence both the methodologies employed by web developers in website construction and the interaction experience of users. As 2024 progresses, these top three prominent trends are redefining the arena of web development, among others:

Micro Frontends

Micro frontend divides a large frontend monolith application into smaller, loosely linked, autonomous components, each of which is in charge of a particular feature or user interface aspect. They are ideal for content management systems as well as work well with MACH architecture. As microservices architecture has already been in use for flexible backend, similarly, micro frontends can help frontend developers eliminate the complications in a single, tightly coupled codebase. 

According to a report by Allied Market Research, the global microservices architecture market is projected to grow from $5.9 billion in 2020 to $21.1 billion by 2025, at a CAGR of 28.3%. This growth is expected to be driven by the adoption of micro frontend architecture in the development of modern web and mobile applications

[Source: Globe News Wire]

These smaller components can be developed and deployed as separate entities, providing flexibility and manageability to developers for DevOps deployment, as against monolithic CMS. Any programming language, framework, or technology can be used to create micro frontends as long as API-centric development is used to facilitate communication between them. This trend helps in code reusability, thus promoting time and effort saving while creating new workflows. Though they are flexible, micro frontends need a great deal of coordination among teams and prove to be complex. They might be a no-go for small teams or projects with less number of resources.

Why Micro Frontends:

  • Long hours of CI/CD and integration tests
  • Issues with the synchronization of teams
  • Waiting for approval from other teams and division of responsibility
  • High complexity of project understanding

Advantages of Adopting Micro Frontend Architecture:

  • Error Isolation
  • Reduced complexity
  • Shorter delivery cycle
  • Independent deployment option‍
  • Task coordination

Avoid Micro Frontends to Prevent Downsides

  • When the project size is small
  • When less cross-coordination within teams is needed
  • Like performance overhead associated with inter-micro frontend communication
  • Where testing can be difficult

Mobile-First Development

Mobile phones have revolutionized how users function in their lives. Whether to order food, shop, book a cab, learn or consume media, mobile phones have made their users more dependent on technology. One of the main reasons to adopt a mobile-first design is to create a responsive layout that adapts to different screen sizes and orientations. 

According to Zippia, 82% of the US customers make purchases on their mobile devices

[Source: LambdaTest]

Responsive layouts demand that software engineers and web developers use flexible units, such as percentages, ems, or rems, instead of fixed units, like pixels for widths, heights, margins, and paddings. The layout is adjusted accordingly. A responsive layout ensures the website's looks and works on any device without requiring separate versions or redirects. Responsive layouts are provided by the below mentioned 3 ways:

Usage of Media Queries, Container Queries and Flexbox

CSS Flexbox or Flexible Box:
  • Flexbox instructs an element about taking up space
  • It makes easier to design responsive and flexible layout structure without using float or positioning

Ideal for:

  • Alignment and distribution of content in a single layout 
  • controlling the dimensions of items and the spacing between them


  • Increased page loading time 
  • Complex layout may prove complicated for debugging
  • Being one-dimensional, Flexbox deals with either columns or rows at a time
Media Query:
  • Media query is a CSS technique introduced in CSS3 
  • It uses the @media rule to include a block of CSS properties
  • They are used to apply different styles and rules based on the screen width, height, resolution, or orientation
  • Media query allows information about how the content is being viewed


  • Not reusable

Ideal for: 

  • Media queries should be used for page layouts, which are usually at the top level of the DOM and not nested in another container, as the main page layout should not adapt to anything other than the viewport

Some of the media queries are: 

  • prefers-reduced-motion
  • prefers-contrast
  • prefers-reduced-transparency
  • prefers-color-scheme
  • pointer accuracy
Container Query:
  • Container queries make a container or an element responsive based on the space available to the container, rather than the viewport

Ideal for: 

  • Container queries provide more flexibility for layout 
  • Have the potential to greatly simplify the code
  • There is no need for separate containers for a link and its target; the user can use the same container for both


  • It requires adding classes for each parent element one wants to select
  • This becomes an issue when many features are incorporated into the page and the user wants to add only some of the classes manually
  • It prohibits the usage of relative or absolute positions on child items

Avoid using media queries within Flexbox; however, you might consider using Flexbox within media queries. Flexbox is used within a ruleset, whereas Media Query is used outside of a ruleset. 

Progressive Web Applications

Though the progressive web app concept is not new, PWA still remains one of the most popular web programming trends. PWA significantly benefits by increasing the number of impressions and decreasing the bounce rate. These are the essential websites that use web capabilities to act like native applications on desktop and mobile devices.

Integration of PWA with Modern Web Technologies and Concepts

PWAs complement the shift toward MACH architecture and headless CMS in web development. Being API-first, PWAs often rely on APIs to fetch data, making them well-suited to the API-first approach of MACH architecture.

  • Microservices: They can seamlessly integrate with microservices-based backends, allowing for modular development and deployment.
  • Headless CMS: PWAs can benefit from headless CMSs by using APIs to fetch and display content dynamically, enabling a consistent content experience across various frontends.
  • Cross-Platform Compatibility: PWAs work on any device with a standard-compliant browser, providing a consistent user experience across various devices. 
  • Offline Capability: PWAs can function offline or on low-quality networks by using service workers. Using a service worker allows setting an app up to use cached assets first, thus providing a default experience, allowing users to access the app without an internet connection.

PWAs help businesses increase engagement and conversions while significantly improving page load times, session length, and user engagement.

Challenges and Future Outlook to User Experience with Web Development

Challenges posed in modern web development and their solutions using MACH architecture and headless CMS are elaborated below. This section also mentions the future scope thereby provided by the solutions.

Performance and Speed

Users expect fast-loading websites as slow performance leads to high bounce rates and low user satisfaction.

Implementing techniques such as lazy loading, image optimization, and using content delivery networks (CDNs) in web development can significantly improve load times. Additionally, modern frameworks and architectures like Jamstack are designed for speed and efficiency.

Future Outlook: Continuous improvements in browser technologies and development practices will keep pushing the boundaries of role of CMS in web speed and UX, enhancing user satisfaction and engagement.

Cross-Platform Consistency

Delivering a consistent experience across multiple devices and platforms is complex due to different screen sizes and operating systems. Responsive design and fluid layouts ensure web applications adjust smoothly to any screen size. Frameworks like Bootstrap or Flexbox and CSS Grid can facilitate cross-platform consistency.

Scope in Future: As device diversity continues to grow, tools and frameworks will evolve to simplify the development of consistent and adaptive interfaces, enhancing the user experience on any device.

Accessibility and Inclusion

Many websites are not fully accessible, which excludes users with disabilities from a complete web experience. Following web content accessibility guidelines (WCAG) and involving accessibility considerations early in the design process can create more inclusive digital environments. Automated testing tools can help identify and fix accessibility issues.

Forward Prospects: With increasing legal requirements and social awareness, accessibility will become a standard part of web development, leading to broader inclusivity in digital content.

Security Concerns

Enhancing security often complicates the user experience, particularly in areas like user authentication.

Single sign-on (SSO) and multi-factor authentication, which balance security and usability, can improve user experience. Biometric authentications, such as fingerprint scans or facial recognition, provide security without sacrificing convenience.

Forward Possibilities: Emerging technologies will continue to refine the balance between security and user experience, making secure interactions seamless and intuitive.

Integrating New Technologies

Integrating advanced technologies like AI, VR, and voice interaction can be complex and may initially confuse users. Gradual integration and user-centered design principles can help. Offering user education and customization options allows users to adapt at their own pace and according to their preferences.

Prospective Outlook: As these technologies mature and user familiarity increases, they will become integral to creating more personalized, efficient, and engaging user experiences.


The evolution of web development from simple static pages to dynamic, interactive web applications signifies a major technological advancement. The adoption of micro frontends, mobile-first development, and progressive web applications (PWAs) underscores the industry's shift toward more modular, responsive, and user-centric solutions. These advancements enhance user-centric web development strategies by offering faster, more reliable, and accessible experiences across a multitude of devices and platforms. 

In web development beyond 2024, the integration of modern technologies like AI, voice recognition, and virtual reality with headless CMS and MACH architecture is poised to further transform web development, creating more intuitive and immersive user interactions. As software developers continue to leverage and refine these emerging trends, the future of web development promises to be incredibly dynamic, offering unprecedented opportunities for innovation in digital interactions. This progress will likely drive significant changes in how businesses and consumers interact online, paving the way for more personalized and efficient web experiences.

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